Ireland, also called "Emerald Isle" is known for its vast vegetation, hospitality and the Guinness beer. It is the third largest island in Europe and was ranked "2nd most populous island in Europe" in 2011. Ireland was firstly invaded by the Vikings, followed by the invasion of the Normans, the Scottish invasion by Edward Bruce, the Tudor conquest of Ireland by Henry VII of England and finally the Cromwellian conquest of Ireland once again by England, specifically the English Parliamentarians during the Wars of the Three Kingdoms. Ireland was due to receive assistance on their rebellion against the British rule from the French but the attempt was unsuccessful. Lastly, another attempted invasion was planned by the Nazi German but was counteracted by the British Armed Forces after a ligament between the Irish government and the British military.
Ireland remained under the rule of the British up until the 20th century when the independence war resulted to the Irish Free state; the Republic of Ireland, leaving only 1/6 of Ireland ruled by the British, the Northern Ireland – part of the United Kingdom –. Being both a part of the European Union, they share an open boarder and the movement of people, products and services is free. The name Ireland has roots from Old Irish (Eriu) to Latin (Hibernia), which in turn mean "fat, prosperous".
Ireland’s climate is labeled oceanic as it is mostly influenced by the Atlantic Ocean. As a result, the weather has no extreme temperature, rainfall and cloud coverage are common, and lastly cooler summers and milder winters than expected from such a Northern location. The product of this climate is the abundant resplendent greenery of Ireland.
The national language is Irish, however, the dominant language is English, with Irish coming third right after Polish, due to immigration. Despite this, all over Dublin you will find Irish printed on signs along with an English translation.
The colours of the flag are not randomly chosen, each holds a different meaning. Green, for the Gaelic tradition, white for the aspiration for peace among them and orange for the followers of William of Orange.
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