Brazil is known for its beautiful landscape with his beaches that we cannot describe. It’s also the country of great diversity known for its famous carnaval in Rio de Janeiro. But we all know that in each country, there are some parts which are hidden by the beauty and luxury of the country: in Brazil there is a part named Favelas in Rio de Janeiro.
In the 19th century, the term “Favela” was referring to the favela tree commonly found in Bahia.
After the “Guerra de Canudos” (Canudos war), soldiers settled on a Rio’s hills to await their payment after their victory against the rebels of Canudos but the government never paid them so they decided to not left and renamed the place in ” Morro of Favelas”.
From 1940 until 1970, because of the economic crisis; Favelas growth when an industrialization drive pulled hundreds of thousands of migrants into the Federal District. This term starts to seen as a social nuisance by Rio’s citizen and the government.
Nowadays, the term Favelas means a shanty town, a slum.
More the years pass, more the district of Favelas become more and more crowded. Living conditions are poor: there are extreme poverty, unsanitary conditions and people cannot afford proper housing and children couldn’t get a good education. They use slums as roofs for shelter: Favela housing generally begins with makeshift structures fashioned from wood scraps and daub. Over time more-durable materials such as brick, cinder blocks, and sheet metal are incorporated.
So, this population started doing drug sales in the idea of being able to feed themselves, offer a bit f education to their children and maybe why not found a house for their family.
From 1970 until 1990, the country became an important hub un the international trade of illicit drug and also the most violent nation. So in some corners of teh Fvaelas, there are always armed police trying to keep order and protect the population from certain gangs.
All this does not prevent the arrival of tourists because there are more than 40 000 people who came every year to see the hidden face of Brazil.