History of Christmas 06/12/2018

Christmas is the most awaited event in the worlds, be it by young or old: everyone finds happiness with this friendly part. Christmas is also the 4th most important Christian date afeter Easter, Pentecost and Epiphany.

But do we know where the origin of this holiday comes from? Well, I have made some research to find out! 


Christmas origin’s seen from certain point view 

First of all, the term “Christmas” comes from “The mass of Christ”. In Northern European, Christmas is called “Yule”: it is referred to the feast of the winter solstice.  

The term “winter solstice” means the shortest day of the year that’s why Christmas was to celebrate the beginning of the Sun’s revival: it is the Roman’s midwinter festival. 

In Scandinavia, they start to celebrate Yule on the 21st, December through January. In the other countries, Christmas is on the 25th December: they start to decorate Christmas tree on the 1st December. 


For the others, Christmas is a religious celebration and has a religious origin. 

  • It Pope Julius who declare that the birth of Jesus will be on 25th December: Jesus was a spiritual leader whose teachings form the basis of religion.  

  • Some of the theorists said that to trace the Jesu’s birthday, they start calculate from his date of death. 


For those who don’t believe in the religion origins, it is just a way to share meals and invite your family and friends: in this day, people exchange gifts, share a good moment etc. 


Christmas tree origin’s

This tradition was started by Germany in the 16th century. 

  • Plants and trees remained green all year had a special meaning for people in the winter: some of people said that it keeps away witches, ghosts, illness and evil spirit. 


In 1846, Queen Victoria and her prince Albert were staged near a Christmas tree with their children: this scene became famous and fashionable in all East Coast but it was it was only un 1890, that Christmas ornament arrive. 


Having a Christmas tree in the home became an American tradition in the 20th: American Christmas tree start from floor to the ceiling in contrary of European one which used small trees. 


Origin of the presents

The emperors compelled their most despised citizens to bring offerings and gifts during the Saturnalia and Kalends: Saturnalia honoured the god Saturn, it’s a part of Roman culture 

In most European countries, gifts are exchanged on Christmas Eve in keeping with the notion that the baby Jesus was born on the night of 24th. In north America, it is the morning of December, 25th. 


The most famous Christmas traditions 

  • Counting down the days of December with an advert calendar: generally, we find chocolates every time we open 

  • Hanging stocking on the fireplace 

  • Sending Christmas card: this tradition started in 1844 in England, by an English artist named William Dobson who drew up some pictures in England   

  • Decorating Christmas tree: it is a German and UK tradition 

  • Kissing under the mistletoe: it was a Celtic legend who means that it brings good luck 

  • Waiting for Santa Claus to deliver presents: a tradition say that people had to let a cookie and a glass of milk on the table in case of Santa comes 



By Peggy