Chinese Culture and Traditions 20/11/2018


We all know that in Asian continent there is a lot of traditions and culture according to the countries. In China, traditions are part of their culture in their own right they grant a lot of respect for it.

                                                         CULTURES

Religion:

The Chinese majority is officially atheist. Tolerance of religion has started to progress in the past few decades so now we can count 5 official religions which are recognized in the country: Buddhism, Taoism, Islam, Catholicism, and Protestantism; the others are considered like illegal.

Language:

The official language of China is Putonghua, a type of Mandarin spoken in Beijing. There is also another language spoken like Mandarin (72% of the population), Wu (9%), Yue also called Cantonese (5%), Xiang (5%), Min (4%), Hakka (4%) and Gan (2%). Many Chinese people are also fluent in English.

Food:

The Chinese cuisine is different according to the geography and ethnic diversity but the main style still Cantonese. Here is a typical menu is known for its spiciness: stir-fried dishes, Szechuan which relies heavily on the use of peanuts, sesame paste, and ginger. The rice is an important element of their cuisine.

Chinese Palace 

The Chinese Palace is an imperial complex where the royal court and the civil government resided. It's composed of many buildings and it contained large halls for ceremonies and official business.

                                                          TRADITIONS

  • If the Chinese come on a visit, they give some tea, wine or candy. If you come on a visit of a Chinese people, do not give an odd number of present it’s considered unlucky. Also, you shouldn’t give a present in the number of 4 or in black and white color, umbrella, clocks, scissors: it’s a symbol of death. They preferred a present with a set of eight.
  • You should never touch a person of the opposite sex especially in public
  • If you decided to invite Chinese people, you have to pay all the bill and don’t have to leave a tip because it’s considered as an offense.
  • When you go to a house, you can’t enter with your shoes it’s forbidden: you will find slippers waiting for you in the household.

The Chinese New Year: On the 5th of February

It is the most important festival celebrated because it's the first day of the whole year in the Chinese lunar calendar.

For the history: as a legend goes, a monster, named Xi, always finds food in villages for its lack of food in winter. Villagers are afraid of this monster, so they come up with a way to frighten and expel Xi by lighting bamboos and paste red paper on their doors. Xi fears the sound of lighted bamboos and red color, so it runs away. People successfully chase away Xi. The day people expelling Xi, people call it Chu Xi which is the Chinese of New Year’s Eve. (Chu in English means expelling or killing). Nowadays, people still kindle bamboos in New Year’s Eve, but just for celebrating the coming of the New Year.

China is a great country to discover, you will be fascinated by things that you'll discover. 

By Peggy Benard




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